- Constantine I ('The Great')
- Roman Emperor AD 306-337.
Flavius Valerius Constantinus, the son of Saint Helena, was proclaimed Roman Emperor at York in AD 306. He was the first Emperor to support the Christians and during his time of stable government, not only did the persecutions cease but he actively supported the growth of Christianity. In AD 311, the Edict of Toleration ended the persecutions started under Emperor *Diocletian and in AD 313, the Edict of Milan restored the property of the churches. Constantine not only ensured that churches and monasteries could now legally hold property but he also provided for grants to be made available for churches and supported church building and restoration programmes from public funds. The Caesareum at Alexandria (where the cult of the Roman Emperors had been celebrated) was now dedicated as a church to St. Michael, and it later became the official seat of the Patriarch of Alexandria. Constantine held a series of Councils to attempt to unite the various factions in the Church, the most notable being the Council of Nicaea.In Egypt, the government was reorganised, the country was made into a diocese and divided into six provinces. Constantine founded Constantinople in AD 324-30, and it was inaugurated as a city in AD 330. It was the first Christian city and, as an imperial capital, was intended to act as an eastern counterbalance to Rome; its significance to Egypt was that it lessened Alexandria's influence in the East and also became the recipient, instead of Rome, of much of Egypt's grain surplus.Christianity developed and spread in Egypt both during and after Constantine's reign; in the Temple of Luxor, originally dedicated to the Egyptian gods Amun, Mut and Khonsu, there remains an altar dedicated to Constantine.BIBL. Jones, A.H.M. Constantine and the conversion of Europe. London: 1972; Baynes, N. H. Constantine the Great and the Christian Church. London: 1972.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Constantine I the Great — First Christian emperor (q.v.), who reigned from 306 337. Proclaimed augustus (q.v.) in York in 306 by his dying father Constantius Chlorus (q.v.), Constantine gained control of the West by defeating Maxentius in Rome (qq.v.) at the battle of… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Constantine I (the Great) — (?288–337) Roman emperor 306–337. Constantine’s Edict of Tolerance, issued in Milan in 313, proclaimed the right of every citizen of the Roman empire to profess his religion. For the first time, Christianity was legally accepted within the… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
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Constantine the Great — This article is about Constantine as an Emperor. For Constantine as a Saint, see Constantine I and Christianity. Constantine I redirects here. For other uses, see Constantine I (disambiguation). Constantine I 57th Emperor of the Roman Empire … Wikipedia
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Constantine the Great — Con|stan|tine the Great also Constantine I (?274 337 AD) the first Christian ruler of the ↑Roman Empire. In 330 AD he made ↑Byzantium the capital city of the empire instead of Rome and changed the name of the new capital to Constantinople … Dictionary of contemporary English